While mitigation tackles the causes of climate change, adaptation tackles the effects of the phenomenon. Until now, the quasitotality of global agricultural sector assessments considered either climate change impacts or climate change mitigation policies. Pdf climate change mitigation measures in ghana nii. Measures for adaptation to climate change this chapter draws on the conclusions of the previous chapters, considering what might be feasible solutions. The paper tries to explore sustainable alternate livelihood for the forest fringe dwellers. Data on farmers adoption of climate change mitigation. The goal of mitigation is to avoid significant human interference with the climate system, and stabilize greenhouse gas levels in a timeframe sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner from the 2014 report on mitigation of climate change from the united nations intergovernmental panel on climate change, page 4. The data enables to understand the adoption of climate change mitigation measures in agriculture and associate it to farmers individual characteristics as well as farm structural characteristics. Measures will be needed to adapt to this situation. Climate change refers to any significant change in measures of climate such as temperature, precipitation, or wind lasting for an extended period decades or longer. Below, these measures and their respective potential for co 2reduction are described in more detail.
This climate change mitigation strategy sets out how city of london corporation plans to catalyse action to reduce. Mitigation measures can influence water resources and their management, and it is important to realise this when developing and evaluating mitigation options. Nec has been working to strengthen its environmental management with a shift in fy 20173 toward activities that are based on the mitigation of and adaptation to climate change. Pdf climate change and adaptation mitigation measures in. Section 6 climate change mitigation measures and water 6. According to them, it is crucial to reducing vulnerability to climate change. Climate change mitigation global environment facility.
Climate change and population growth are major stressors on livestock production. How can wildlife management and land use planning adapt to changing conditions, with an aim of achieving sustainability. National policies and measures on climate change mitigation. This article operationalizes the measure of environmental concern based.
Climate change mitigation measures in india center for. Climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies already. As there is a direct relation between global average temperatures and the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, the key for the solution to the climate change problem rests in decreasing the amount of emissions released into the atmosphere and in reducing the current concentration of carbon dioxide co 2 by enhancing sinks e. Forestry and climate change mitigation forest research. Comparing impacts of climate change and mitigation on global. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. There is a strong correlation between energy, the environment and sustainable development. Livestoc agriculture contributes to ghg emissions but a range of mitigation measures are consid. Improving animal feeding and genetics can be effective mitigation measures.
Mitigation, therefore, attends to the causes of climate change, while a daptation addresses its impacts. Climate change mitigation policies and measures greenhouse gas emissions this database contains a number of climate change mitigation policies and measures pam implemented or planned by european countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. A series of coherent and integrated development policies in the area of safeguarding food security and rural livelihoods, while implementing adaptation and mitigation. The paris agreement succeeds the 1997 kyoto protocol which expires in 2020, and is an amendment to the united nations framework convention on climate change unfccc. Strategies for mitigating climate change in agriculture. Sea level rise in sundarban estuary is creating a realtime threat to millions of villagers living in the fringes of sundarban mangroves.
Since climate change is inevitable and some degree of the changes will occur and affect the environment regardless of future mitigation of climate change, some actions should be taken in order to minimize the climate induced risks to the environment, human health, society and economics. Evidence shows that many biological systems are being affected by climate change through increasing temperatures and changes in rainfall regimes. Climate change has devastated communities in africa with drought becoming the order of the day. Global warming is an average increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the earths surface. Climate change mitigation generally involves reductions in human anthropogenic emissions of. Mitigation measures are those actions that are taken to reduce and curb greenhouse gas emission s, while adaptation measures are based on reducing vulnerability to the effects of climate change.
Climate change mitigation measures can be written down in national environmental policy documents like the nationally determined contributions ndc. Measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions climate change. Mitigation of climate change the working group iii contribution to the ipccs fifth assessment report ar5 assesses literature on the scientific, technological, environmental, economic and social aspects of mitigation of climate change since 2007 when the fourth assessment report ar4 was released. Climate change mitigation strategy to 2050 1 message from city of melbourne this climate change mitigation strategy is a major commitment to action. The citys climate change adaptation strategy details our work on preparing for those impacts. Gwp is a relative measure of how much heat a greenhouse gas traps in the atmosphere. To mitigate the effects, a senior official in the environment ministry says the government has adopted a climate change adaptation program to reduce impact on communities as weather and climate patterns continue to change.
Mitigation can mean using new technologies and renewable energies, making older equipment more energy efficient, or changing management practices or consumer behavior. The dutch government is doing many things to prevent climate change. Mitigation refers to any activities that reduce the overall concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Introduction climate change is one of the greatest challenges currently facing human and the environment 1. Adaptation and mitigation are two policy responses to climate change.
Instrumental recording of show a temperature increase of 0. Climate change adaptation and mitigation food and agriculture. Goals and measures to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gasses within the netherlands are laid down and agreed upon in the climate act and the national climate agreement. In an ideal world, a society seeking sustainable development must utilize only energy resources which have little or no environmental impact. Indeed, prevalence of hunger may indeed be halved, but not before 2030, unless additional policy measures are implemented. Most of these pams have been reported to the european commission, the united framework convention on. Mitigation strategies the processes of water extraction, distribution and treatment offer various options to reduce carbon emissions figure 1. The data can be used to analyse drivers of agricultural mitigation measures including a wide range of behavioural factors and farm characteristics. The paper tries to explore sustainable alternate livelihood for.
The project was initiated in 1996 in parallel with the unepgef project economics of greenhouse gas limitations. Policies, measures and instruments to mitigate climate change. Synergies between adaptation and mitigation in a nutshell. It can be as complex as a plan for a new city, or as a simple as improvements to a. The interaction between climate change and all areas of the gefs work points to the importance of recognizing climate change implications in other focal areas by harnessing mitigation options and integrating climate resilience measures, while promoting multiple global environmental benefits in a holistic and integrated fashion. In view of this, we have now formulated guidelines on climate change measures from a longterm perspective up to 2050. Climate change mitigation refers to efforts to reduce or prevent emission of greenhouse gases. Forestry and climate change mitigation introduction woodlands and forests contain substantial carbon c in the soil, trees and other vegetation, and globally they are hugely important to the carbon, water and energy cycles. Since the first ahteg completed its work, the scientific information and degree of certainty regarding the relationship between biodiversity and climate change has expanded significantly.
Jun 06, 2019 climate change mitigation are actions to limit the magnitude andor rate of longterm climate change. Eur 24663 en 2010 climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies already in practice based on the 1st river basin management plans of the eu member. Difference between climate change adaptation and mitigation. Mitigation and adaptation are the two strategies for addressing climate change. This report on a climate change mitigation study of zambia is one of a set of three country studies carried out under the danida project climate change mitigation in southern africa. As in many other countries, india has a number of policies that, while not driven by climate concerns, contribute to climate mitigation by reducing or avoiding ghg emissions.
Climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies. Some climate change is unavoidable, due to past and present emissions. Ethiopias gdp compared to a baseline scenario by 26% by 2015, and by up to 10% by 2045. Synergies between adaptation and mitigation greenhouse gas concentrations climate change mitigation adaptation impacts responses what are mitigation and adaptation.
Capcoa quantifying greenhouse gas mitigation measures. Pdf climate change and adaptation mitigation measures. This climate change mitigation strategy is a major commitment to action. The current state of global warming measures and international. Whos health in the green economy series, to be published in spring. Mitigation measures are those actions that are taken to reduce and curb greenhouse gas emissions, while adaptation measures are based on reducing vulnerability to the effects of climate change. Crop and animal diversification are the most promising adaption measures. The sector accounts for roughly a fifth of greenhouse gas ghg emissions when one considers the full life cycle of production including agricultures role in deforestation. Pdf introduction to climate change mitigation researchgate. The potential to adjust in order to minimize negative impact and maximize any benefits from changes in climate is known as adaptive capacity. Climate change mitigation in southern africa zambia country study. Oct 10, 2018 the key difference between climate change adaptation and mitigation is that adaptation refers to the actions taken to reduce the negative consequences of changes in the climate whereas mitigation refers to efforts to limit the emission of greenhouse gases.
The handbook was extended to also cover, apart from climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, as one can witness increasing initiatives to cope with the phenomenon. Mitigation reducing climate change involves reducing the flow of heattrapping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, either by reducing sources of these gases for example, the burning of fossil fuels for electricity, heat or transport or enhancing the sinks that accumulate and store these gases such as the oceans, forests and soil. Mitigation and adaptation solutions climate change. The city of melbourne is proud to be part of a local and international movement of cities that will act to reduce emissions and to address climate change impacts. Pdf climate change adaptation and mitigation measures in. On a per capita basis, indias emissions are 70% below the world average and 93% below those of the united states. Handbook of climate change mitigation and adaptation. Mitigation, therefore, attends to the causes of climate change, while adaptation addresses its impacts.46 216 1426 1027 1487 777 17 85 189 320 492 1241 828 191 783 966 1289 383 31 1254 1019 758 302 1282 344 1349 648 960 1020 152 54 605 1488 187 257 1490